CATIONIC BITUMEN EMULSION CSS-1H
INTRODUCTION OF CATIONIC BITUMEN EMULSION CSS-1H
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h is a type of bitumen emulsion produced by blending bitumen, water, and emulsifying agents. The product has a positive charge, making it more effective in binding with negatively charged surfaces like aggregates. CSS1h is a slow-setting emulsion that can provide excellent adhesion and cohesion to the surface when applied at the recommended temperature and mixing rate.
Table of Contents
What is the Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h?
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h is a bituminous product that is widely used in the construction industry. The product is made by dispersing bitumen in water and adding surfactants or emulsifying agents. The emulsion is produced in a plant using a colloid mill or a high-shear mixer to break down the bitumen into small droplets that can be suspended in water. The product is typically milky white in color and has a pH value of around 2 to 4.
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h History:
The use of bitumen emulsions in road construction dates back to the early 20th century. The first bitumen emulsion was produced in the US in 1905 and was used for dust control on unpaved roads. In the 1920s, bitumen emulsions were used as a binder for asphalt surface treatments, and in the 1930s, they were used as a base stabilizer for road construction.
The development of cationic bitumen emulsions like CSS-1h took place in the 1950s and 1960s. The introduction of emulsifying agents with a positive charge made it possible to produce stable cationic emulsions that could bond better with aggregates. Since then, cationic bitumen emulsions have become popular in the construction industry due to their excellent bonding properties, ease of application, and environmental friendliness.
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h Other Names:
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h is also known as slow-setting cationic emulsion, cationic asphalt emulsion, or cationic bitumen emulsion. It is important to note that different manufacturers may use different names for the same product.
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h Grades, Types, and Forms:
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h is available in different grades, types, and forms depending on the intended use. The most common types of CSS1h are rapid-setting, medium-setting, and slow-setting. Rapid-setting emulsions are designed for quick repairs and patching, while slow-setting emulsions are used for surface treatments and other applications that require longer setting times.
CSS-1h emulsions are also available in different forms, including concentrate, diluted, and polymer-modified. Concentrate emulsions are highly viscous and require dilution before use, while diluted emulsions are ready to use. Polymer-modified emulsions contain polymers that enhance the performance and durability of the emulsion.
Different Applications between Various Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h Grades, Types, and Forms:
The choice of product grade, type, and form depends on the specific application. Rapid-setting emulsions are ideal for emergency repairs and pothole patching, while slow-setting emulsions are used for surface treatments, chip sealing, and other applications that require longer setting times. Medium-setting emulsions are suitable for most pavement applications.
The concentrate form of CSS-1h is often used in cold climates where the emulsion needs to be stored at low temperatures to prevent freezing. Diluted emulsions are easier to handle and are suitable for most applications. Polymer-modified emulsions are commonly used in high-traffic areas or in situations where extra durability is required.
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h Production Different Types:
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h is produced using two main processes: batch production and continuous production. In the batch production process, the bitumen and emulsifying agents are mixed in a tank, and water is gradually added while stirring. The mixture is then homogenized using a high-shear mixer or colloid mill to produce a stable emulsion.
In the continuous production process, bitumen and water are continuously fed into a colloid mill, where they are mixed with emulsifying agents and other additives. The resulting emulsion is then collected in a storage tank. Continuous production is more efficient than batch production and can produce large quantities of emulsion in a shorter time.
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h Specifications:
|Test on Emulsions|
|Viscosity, Saybolt Furol at 25 °C, SFS||20||100||ASTM D244|
|Storage stability test, 24-h, %||–||1||ASTM D6930|
|Particle charge test||positive||ASTM D244|
|Sieve test, %||–||0.1||ASTM D6933|
|Cement mixing test, %||2.0||ASTM D6935|
|Residue, %||57||–||ASTM D244|
|Tests on residue from distillation test:|
|Penetration, 25°C (77°F), 100 g, 5 s||40||90||ASTM D5|
|Ductility, 25°C (77°F), 5 cm/min, cm||40||–||ASTM D113|
|Solubility in trichloroethylene, %||97.5||–||ASTM D2042|
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS 1h Chemical Formula, CAS Number, and HS Code:
The chemical formula of Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h is not fixed since it can vary depending on the type and grade. However, the general formula for bitumen emulsions is:
Bitumen + Emulsifying agents + Water → Bitumen Emulsion
The CAS number for bitumen is 8052-42-4, while the HS code for Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h is 27132000.
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h Properties:
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h has several properties that make it suitable for various applications. These properties include:
Excellent adhesion: CSS 1h has a positive charge, which allows it to bond well with negatively charged surfaces like aggregates.
Waterproofing: CSS-1h is waterproof, which makes it ideal for use in pavement and road surfacing applications.
Easy to apply: CSS-1h is easy to apply and can be used with standard equipment.
Environmentally friendly: CSS-1h is an environmentally friendly alternative to traditional asphalt products.
Durable: CSS-1h has excellent durability and can withstand heavy traffic and harsh weather conditions.
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h Advantages:
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h has several advantages over traditional asphalt products. These advantages include:
Lower application temperature: CSS-1h can be applied at lower temperatures than traditional asphalt products, which reduces energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.
Faster setting time: CSS-1h has a faster setting time than traditional asphalt products, which reduces construction time and costs.
Reduced odor: CSS-1h produces less odor than traditional asphalt products, which improves the working environment for construction workers.
Improved safety: CSS-1h is a safer alternative to traditional asphalt products since it does not require high temperatures during application, reducing the risk of burns and other injuries associated with hot asphalt.
Better performance: CSS-1h has better performance in terms of durability, flexibility, and resistance to cracking and deformation compared to traditional asphalt products.
Versatile: CSS-1h can be used in a wide range of applications, including road surfacing, pavement preservation, and pothole repair.
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h Safety Tips:
When handling Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h, it is important to follow proper safety precautions to avoid accidents or injuries. Some safety tips to keep in mind include:
Wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), such as gloves, goggles, and protective clothing, when handling CSS-1h.
Avoid contact with skin or eyes. In case of contact, immediately rinse with plenty of water and seek medical attention if necessary.
Store CSS-1h in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area, away from sources of heat and ignition.
Follow proper disposal procedures for CSS-1h and its containers, in accordance with local regulations.
Train workers on proper handling and use of CSS-1h, and provide them with necessary safety equipment and information.
Factors Affecting Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h Price:
The price of Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h can vary depending on several factors, including:
Raw material costs: The cost of bitumen and other raw materials used in the production of CSS-1h can impact the final price of the product.
Production costs: The cost of production, including labor, energy, and equipment, can also impact the final price of CSS-1h.
Market demand: Market demand for CSS-1h can impact its price, with higher demand leading to higher prices.
Transportation costs: The cost of transporting CSS-1h to its final destination can impact its price, particularly for countries or regions that are far from its production location.
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h Applications:
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h has a wide range of applications, including:
Road surfacing: CSS-1h is used to surface roads and highways, providing a durable, waterproof surface that can withstand heavy traffic and harsh weather conditions.
Pavement preservation: CSS-1h is used in pavement preservation techniques, such as microsurfacing and slurry sealing, to extend the life of existing pavement surfaces.
Pothole repair: CSS-1h can be used to repair potholes and other pavement defects quickly and effectively.
Surface treatment: CSS-1h is used in surface treatments, such as chip sealing and fog sealing, to protect the pavement surface from water damage and oxidation, while also improving skid resistance and appearance.
Crack sealing: CSS-1h is used to seal cracks in pavement surfaces, preventing water and debris from entering the cracks and causing further damage.
Parking lots: CSS-1h is used to surface parking lots, providing a durable and skid-resistant surface that can withstand heavy vehicle traffic.
Airport runways: CSS-1h is used to surface airport runways, providing a high-quality surface that can withstand the weight of aircraft and heavy equipment.
Industrial surfaces: CSS-1h is used to surface industrial floors and other surfaces, providing a durable and skid-resistant surface that can withstand heavy equipment and machinery.
Packaging of the Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h:
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h is typically packaged in bulk tankers, drums, or totes, depending on the quantity and destination of the product. Bulk tankers are used for large quantities of product, typically for transport to construction sites or storage facilities. Drums and totes are used for smaller quantities, typically for transport to smaller construction sites or for storage.
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h Transportation and Storage:
Cationic Bitumen Emulsion CSS-1h should be transported and stored in accordance with local regulations and industry standards. Some key considerations for transportation and storage of CSS-1h include:
Transportation: CSS-1h should be transported in dedicated tankers or containers that are clean and free from contamination. The tankers or containers should be labeled with the appropriate hazard warning signs and markings.
Storage: CSS-1h should be stored in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area, away from sources of heat and ignition. The storage area should be clean and free from contamination, and the product should be stored in its original packaging or in dedicated storage tanks.
Shelf life: CSS-1h has a shelf life of approximately 6 months, depending on storage conditions. The product should be used within this timeframe to ensure optimal performance.