INTRODUCTION OF CALCIUM CHLORIDE
Calcium Chloride, usually referred to as CaCl2, is a salt substance made up of calcium and chlorine. Due to its special qualities, which include its capacity to draw moisture from the air, reduce the freezing point of water, and improve drilling fluid performance, it has a wide range of industrial and commercial uses.
WHAT IS CALCIUM CHLORIDE?
As a drying agent, de-icing agent, and drilling fluid additive, Calcium Chloride is a salt that has no flavor, color, or hygroscopic properties. Its chemical formula is CaCl2, and its densities are 2.15 g/cm3 and 110.98 g/mol, respectively. Water, alcohol, and acetone are all soluble in Calcium Chloride, which quickly absorbs moisture from the air to create a white, crystalline powder.
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CALCIUM CHLORIDE HISTORY
Calcium Chloride was first discovered by an English chemist, Sir Humphry Davy, in 1808. He obtained the salt by electrolyzing a mixture of calcium oxide and mercuric chloride. Later, it was found that Calcium Chloride could be produced by reacting limestone with hydrochloric acid. In the early 20th century, Calcium Chloride was used primarily for de-icing roads and as a food preservative. Today, Calcium Chloride is widely used in various industrial and commercial applications, including the drilling industry.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE OTHER NAMES
Calcium Chloride is also known as calcium dichloride, calcium (II) chloride, and E509.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE SPECIFICATIONS
- Chemical Formula: CaCl2
- Molar Mass: 110.98 g/mol
- CAS Number: 10043-52-4
- Melting Point: 772 °C (1,422 °F; 1,045 K)
- Boiling Point: 1,935 °C (3,515 °F; 2,208 K)
- Density: 2.15 g/cm3 (anhydrous), 1.83 g/cm3 (dihydrate), 1.71 g/cm3 (hexahydrate)
- Solubility in Water: 74.5 g/100 mL (20 °C), 110.4 g/100 mL (100 °C)
- pH: 5-7 (5% solution)
Appearance: White or colorless crystalline solid or powder, deliquescent
The solubility of Calcium Chloride in water is quite high, and its solubility rises with temperature. It is also soluble in acetone and ethanol. The substance is very hygroscopic, which means it quickly absorbs moisture from the air, making it an efficient desiccant.
Calcium Chloride is appropriate for a wide range of applications due to its many technical characteristics. For instance, it has a high specific heat capacity, which means it can absorb a lot of heat without becoming hotter, making it perfect for use in refrigeration systems. Moreover, it has a low freezing point, making it effective as a de-icing agent.
When choosing the best grade, kind, and form of Calcium Chloride for a given application, technical requirements are very important. To make sure they are utilizing the proper product for its intended purpose, users of the product must be aware of certain technical requirements.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE TYPES
Calcium Chloride is available in several grades, types, and forms, depending on its intended use. The most common grades of Calcium Chloride are:
Calcium Chloride Grades:
- Food Grade: This type of Calcium Chloride is used as a food additive and must meet certain purity standards.
- Pharmaceutical Grade: This grade is used in the pharmaceutical industry and must meet strict quality standards.
- Technical Grade: This grade is used in various industrial applications and does not need to meet the same purity standards as Food or Pharmaceutical Grade Calcium Chloride.
Calcium Chloride is available in various forms, including:
- Powder: Calcium Chloride powder is a fine, white powder that is commonly used in the food and pharmaceutical industries.
- Flakes: Calcium Chloride flakes are white, crystalline flakes that are commonly used as a de-icing agent and in the drilling industry.
- Pellets: Calcium Chloride pellets are small, round pellets that are commonly used in water treatment and as a desiccant and drilling.
The Distinction in Application Between Various Calcium Chloride Grades, Types, and Forms
The distinction in application between various grades, types, and forms of Calcium Chloride lies primarily in their purity levels and intended use. Food Grade Calcium Chloride, for example, must meet strict purity standards and is intended for use as a food additive. Technical Grade Calcium Chloride, on the other hand, is not subject to the same purity standards and is used in various industrial applications, including the drilling industry. The distinction in application between various forms of Calcium Chloride lies in their particle size and surface area. For example, Calcium Chloride pellets have a higher surface area than flakes or powder, which makes them more effective as a desiccant.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE PRODUCTION
Calcium Chloride can be created in a number of ways, including the electrolysis of molten calcium chloride, the reaction of limestone with hydrochloric acid, and the reaction of calcium carbonate with ammonium chloride.
The most common method of producing Calcium Chloride is by reacting limestone (CaCO3) with hydrochloric acid (HCl), as follows:
CaCO3 + 2HCl → CaCl2 + CO2 + H2O
This reaction produces Calcium Chloride, carbon dioxide, and water. The Calcium Chloride can then be purified and processed to produce the desired grade, type, and form of the product.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE CHEMICAL FORMULA, CAS NUMBER, AND HS CODE
The chemical formula of Calcium Chloride is CaCl2, and its CAS number is 10043-52-4. The HS Code for Calcium Chloride is 282720.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE PROPERTIES
Calcium Chloride has several unique properties that make it useful in various industrial and commercial applications, including the drilling industry. Some of its key properties are:
- Hygroscopic: Calcium Chloride readily absorbs moisture from the air, which makes it an effective drying agent and desiccant.
- Deliquescent: Calcium Chloride is deliquescent, which means it can absorb enough moisture from the air to dissolve and form a solution.
- Lower Freezing Point: Calcium Chloride has the ability to lower the freezing point of water, which makes it an effective de-icing agent.
- High Solubility: Calcium Chloride is highly soluble in water, which makes it a versatile additive for various applications.
- Corrosive: Calcium Chloride is corrosive to metals, so it must be handled with care.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE BENEFITS
Calcium Chloride has several advantages over other drying agents and de-icing agents, including:
- Faster Drying: Calcium Chloride is faster and more effective at absorbing moisture from the air than other drying agents, such as silica gel or activated alumina.
- Lower Freezing Point: Calcium Chloride has a lower freezing point than sodium chloride, which makes it more effective at de-icing roads and sidewalks.
- Non-Toxic: Calcium Chloride is non-toxic and safe for use in food and pharmaceutical applications.
- Versatile: Calcium Chloride is a versatile product that can be used in various industrial and commercial applications, including the drilling industry.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE SAFETY TIPS
Calcium Chloride can be corrosive and can cause skin and eye irritation, so it must be handled with care. Here are some safety tips for handling Calcium Chloride:
- While handling Calcium Chloride, put on safety gear such as gloves and goggles.
- Calcium Chloride dust and fumes should be avoided.
- Keep Calcium Chloride away from moisture and incompatible materials in a cold, dry location.
- If skin or eyes are contacted, rinse the area with water for at least 15 minutes and get medical help if required.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE PRODUCING COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD
Calcium Chloride is produced in several countries around the world, including the United States, China, Russia, Canada, and Iran. Iran is one of the largest producers of Calcium Chloride, with a significant share of the global market. The production of Calcium Chloride in Iran is primarily done by private companies, and the product is exported to various countries around the world.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE IMPORTING COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD
Calcium Chloride is imported by several countries around the world, including the United States, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, and Japan. These countries import Calcium Chloride primarily for industrial and commercial applications, including the drilling industry.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE EXPORTING COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD
Calcium Chloride is exported by several countries around the world, including the United States, Canada, Russia, Iran, the UAE, and Turkey. Iran, the UAE, and Turkey are among the largest exporters of Calcium Chloride, with a significant share of the global market. These countries have well-developed Calcium Chloride manufacturing industries and are known for producing high-quality products.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE PRICE
The price of Calcium Chloride is subject to several factors, including supply and demand, production costs, and transportation costs. The price of raw materials used in the production of Calcium Chloride, such as limestone and hydrochloric acid, also affect the final price of the product.
The global demand for Calcium Chloride is primarily driven by its use in the oil and gas industry, which can lead to fluctuations in prices due to changes in the price of oil and gas. The demand for Calcium Chloride in other industries, such as agriculture and water treatment, also affects the product’s price.
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Petro Naft Company is one of the largest suppliers of Calcium Chloride in the world, offering high-quality Calcium Chloride at competitive prices. The company has years of experience in the production and distribution of Calcium Chloride, and its products meet international quality standards.
Petro Naft Company offers several grades and types of Calcium Chloride, including anhydrous and dihydrate Calcium Chloride, which can be used in a variety of industries. The company also provides customized packaging options to meet the specific needs of its customers.
Other Useful Information about Calcium Chloride:
Calcium Chloride is a versatile product that can be used in a variety of applications. Some of its most common uses include dust control, de-icing, oil and gas drilling, concrete acceleration, and food preservation.
The substance is renowned for its capacity to draw moisture from the air, making it a powerful desiccant. Hypocalcemia, a disorder defined by low calcium levels in the blood, is also treated using calcium chloride in the medical field.
In terms of safety, Calcium Chloride is generally considered safe when handled and used properly. However, it can cause skin and eye irritation, and prolonged exposure to the product can lead to respiratory problems. It is important to follow proper safety precautions when handling Calcium Chloride, including wearing protective clothing and using adequate ventilation.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE APPLICATIONS
Calcium chloride is a versatile chemical compound that has numerous applications in various industries. In the drilling industry, it is widely used as a drilling fluid additive due to its unique properties.
Applications of Calcium Chloride in Drilling Industry:
Apart from being used as a desiccant and fluid loss control agent, calcium chloride has several other applications in the drilling industry. It can be used as a completion fluid to provide the necessary density to control the reservoir pressure. It is also used in the cementing process to accelerate the setting time of cement and to improve its strength.
Calcium chloride can be added to the drilling fluid to prevent the formation of hydrates in low-temperature drilling operations. It is also effective in reducing the formation of gas hydrates, which can block the wellbore and lead to costly production downtime.
In summary, calcium chloride is a crucial component in the drilling industry due to its unique properties and various applications. Its ability to control fluid loss, prevent contamination, and accelerate the setting time of cement makes it an indispensable additive in drilling fluids. As drilling operations become more complex, calcium chloride will continue to play a significant role in ensuring safe and efficient drilling.
Apart from the drilling industry, Calcium Chloride has various applications in different industries:
A typical deicing agent is calcium chloride. Calcium chloride is an efficient deicing agent because it can reduce the freezing point of water.
Calcium chloride is used in the food business as a food ingredient. It serves as a cheese coagulant, a firming agent for canned vegetables, and a preservative for processed foods.
For the treatment of hypocalcemia, a disorder marked by low calcium levels in the blood, calcium chloride is utilized in the medical business as a source of calcium ions. It is also used to treat cardiac arrest and other medical crises.
Calcium chloride is utilized in the concrete industry as an accelerator for concrete’s setting process. Concrete’s hardening process is accelerated, which may shorten the curing period and increase the concrete’s total strength.
Calcium chloride is used in wastewater treatment to remove impurities from water. It can help to reduce the levels of total suspended solids (TSS) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) in wastewater, making it safer for disposal.
In conclusion, calcium chloride is a versatile compound that has numerous applications in various industries. Its unique properties, such as its ability to lower the freezing point of water and accelerate the setting of concrete, make it an indispensable chemical compound in many different fields.
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CALCIUM CHLORIDE PACKING
Calcium Chloride is typically packaged in bags, drums, or bulk containers, depending on the needs of the customer. The product should be stored in a dry, cool place away from heat and sources of ignition.