CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES
INTRODUCTION OF CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES
Sodium hydroxide, commonly known as Caustic Soda Flakes or NaOH, is a very useful and important chemical that is used in many different industrial processes, including drilling. This chemical is an alkali material that appears as white crystalline crystals and is soluble in polar solvents like water. Because of the multiple uses it has in a broad range of sectors, caustic soda is regarded as one of the most significant and commonly used chemicals in the world.
WHAT IS CAUSTIC SODA FLAKE?
Due to its reactivity with diverse chemicals, caustic soda flake is a powerful and very corrosive base that is often utilized in many industrial applications. Caustic soda’s chemical name is NaOH, and its molecular weight is 40.00 g/mol. Its HS Code is 281511 and CAS Number is 1310-73-2. With a pH of 14, caustic soda flake is one of the most powerfully alkaline compounds ever created.
The production of chemicals, the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, food processing, and drilling are just a few of the sectors that employ caustic soda flakes. Due to its strong reactivity and alkalinity, it is a crucial component in several industrial processes, including the production of aluminum, soap and detergents, and the refining of petroleum.
We export the highest-quality Caustic Soda Flakes in different types and grades from Iran, Turkey, and the UAE to other countries around the world.
• Iran Caustic Soda Flakes
• Turkey Caustic Soda Flakes
• UAE Caustic Soda Flakes
CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES HISTORY
The history of caustic soda dates back to the early 1800s when the French chemist Nicolas Leblanc developed a method of producing sodium carbonate, a crucial component of glassmaking, by treating salt with sulfuric acid. This process also produced a waste product known as “black ash,” which contained sodium hydroxide. In 1823, the British chemist Michael Faraday developed a more efficient method of producing caustic soda by electrolyzing a solution of salt and water.
Since then, caustic soda has become a vital chemical in many industrial applications, and its production has increased significantly worldwide. Today, caustic soda is produced using various methods, including the chlor-alkali process, which involves the electrolysis of saltwater, and the lime soda process, which uses lime and soda ash to produce caustic soda.
CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES OTHER NAMES
Caustic soda flake is also known by other names, including sodium hydrate, lye, and white caustic.
CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES TYPES
Caustic soda flake is available in various grades, types, and forms depending on its intended application. The three most common types of caustic soda are:
- Commercial grade: This is the most commonly available type of caustic soda, with a purity level of around 98%. It is mainly used for cleaning and degreasing applications, such as in the food industry, and as a drain cleaner.
- Technical grade: This type of caustic soda has a purity level of around 90%, and it is used in various industrial applications, such as pulp and paper, textiles, and water treatment.
- Pure grade: This is the highest quality of caustic soda, with a purity level of around 99%. It is used in specialized applications, such as in the pharmaceutical and electronic industries.
The Distinction in Application between Various Caustic Soda Flake Grades, Types, and Forms
The various grades, types, and forms of caustic soda have different applications due to their varying purity levels and chemical properties. Commercial-grade caustic soda is typically used for cleaning and degreasing applications, such as in the food industry, while technical grade caustic soda is used in various industrial applications, including pulp and paper, drilling, textiles, and water treatment.
Pure grade caustic soda is used in specialized applications, such as in the pharmaceutical and electronic industries, due to its high purity level. The choice of the form of caustic soda also depends on the intended application. For example, caustic soda flakes are the most commonly used form due to their ease of handling and dissolving in water, while caustic soda granules and pellets are used in situations where a slower dissolution rate is required or where the product needs to be metered more accurately.
CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES PRODUCTION
Caustic soda is produced using various methods, including the chlor-alkali process, which involves the electrolysis of saltwater, and the lime soda process, which uses lime and soda ash to produce caustic soda. The chlor-alkali process is the most common method of producing caustic soda.
In this method, the anode and cathode compartments are divided using a membrane cell or diaphragm cell, which electrolyzes a saltwater solution. A brine solution is present in the anode compartment, whilst water is present in the cathode compartment. Chlorine gas is created at the anode and hydrogen gas is produced at the cathode when an electric current is sent through the cell. The sodium ions in the water and the hydrogen gas combine to form sodium hydroxide, which is then collected as caustic soda.
The lime soda process involves adding lime and soda ash to a solution of sodium chloride to produce caustic soda. The process involves several steps, including slaking the lime to produce calcium hydroxide, adding soda ash to produce sodium hydroxide, and filtering the resulting solution to remove impurities.
CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES SPECIFICATIONS
The technical specifications of caustic soda flakes depend on the grade, type, and form of the product. Generally, the following specifications apply:
- Chemical formula: NaOH
- Molecular weight: 40.00 g/mol
- CAS Number: 1310-73-2
- HS Code: 281511
- Appearance: White crystalline flakes, granules, or pellets
- Odor: Odorless
- Solubility: Soluble in water and other polar solvents
- pH: 14 (strongly alkaline)
- Density: 2.13 g/cm3 (at 20°C)
- Melting point: 318.4°C (at 1 atm)
- Boiling point: 1390°C (at 1 atm)
CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES PROPERTIES
Caustic soda flake has several properties that make it a highly versatile and essential chemical in various industrial applications. Some of its properties include:
- High reactivity: Caustic soda is highly reactive with various substances, making it an essential ingredient in many industrial processes.
- Strong alkalinity: Caustic soda has a pH of 14, making it one of the strongest alkaline substances in existence. Its strong alkalinity allows it to neutralize acidic substances and dissolve many organic and inorganic compounds.
- Hygroscopicity: Caustic soda is highly hygroscopic, meaning that it can absorb moisture from the air. This property makes it important to store caustic soda in a dry place and to handle it carefully to prevent it from coming into contact with water.
- Corrosiveness: Caustic soda is highly corrosive, and it can cause severe burns and skin damage on contact. Therefore, it is important to handle it with caution and to use proper protective equipment when working with caustic soda.
CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES ADVANTAGES
Caustic soda flake has several advantages in various industrial applications, including:
- Effective cleaning agent: Caustic soda is an effective cleaning agent that can remove dirt, grease, and other contaminants from various surfaces.
- Cost-effective: Caustic soda is a cost-effective chemical that is widely available and relatively inexpensive compared to other industrial chemicals.
- High purity: Caustic soda can be produced to high purity levels, making it suitable for use in sensitive applications, such as the pharmaceutical and electronic industries.
- Versatile: Caustic soda has a wide range of applications in various industries, making it a versatile and essential chemical.
CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES SAFETY TIPS
Caustic soda is a highly corrosive and dangerous chemical that can cause severe burns and skin damage on contact. Therefore, it is important to handle it with caution and to use proper protective equipment when working with caustic soda. Some safety tips for handling caustic soda include:
- Work with caustic soda while using safety gear, such as gloves, goggles, and a face shield.
- Keep caustic soda dry and away from items that won’t work together.
- To avoid spills or splashes, handle caustic soda cautiously.
- While dissolving caustic soda in water, proceed with care since it may produce heat and cause the solution to boil.
- In the event of skin or eye contact, rinse with water right away and seek medical assistance.
THE WORLD’S CAUSTIC SODA FLAKE PRODUCING COUNTRIES
The top producers of caustic soda in the world are China, the United States, and Europe. Other significant producers include Japan, Russia, India, and Brazil. Iran is also a significant producer of caustic soda, with a production capacity of around 1.2 million tons per year.
THE WORLD’S CAUSTIC SODA FLAKE IMPORTING COUNTRIES
The top importing countries of caustic soda in the world are China, India, and the United States. Other significant importers include Brazil, Japan, and Russia.
THE WORLD’S CAUSTIC SODA FLAKE EXPORTING COUNTRIES
The top exporting countries of caustic soda in the world are the United States, Europe, and Japan. Iran, the UAE, and Turkey are also significant exporters of caustic soda.
CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES PRICE
The price of caustic soda is affected by several factors, including:
- Raw material costs: The cost of producing caustic soda is heavily influenced by the cost of the raw materials used in the production process, such as salt and electricity.
- Demand and supply: The demand and supply of caustic soda in the global market can affect its price, with higher demand leading to higher prices.
- Energy costs: The cost of energy, such as electricity and natural gas, is a significant factor in the production cost of caustic soda.
- Production capacity: The availability of caustic soda production capacity can affect its price, with higher production capacity leading to lower prices.
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Petro-Naft CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES
Petronaft company offer various grades of caustic soda flakes to meet the specific needs of its customers. Customers can choose from the different grades of caustic soda flakes available, depending on their specific application requirements. Petro Naft Company also offers customized solutions to meet the unique needs of its customers.
In addition to supplying caustic soda flakes, Petro Naft Company also provides technical support to its customers. The company has a team of experts who are available to offer technical assistance to customers on the safe handling, storage, and use of the products.
CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES APPLICATIONS
Sodium hydroxide, often known as caustic soda flake, has several industrial uses. The following are some typical uses for caustic soda flakes:
- Manufacturing of chemicals: Caustic soda flakes are used as a raw material in the production of a variety of chemicals, such as detergents, soaps, paper, and textiles.
- Water treatment: The pH of water and wastewater treatment facilities is adjusted using caustic soda flakes. Heavy metals and other toxins are also eliminated from industrial effluent using this method.
- Production of alumina: Caustic soda flake is used to make alumina, which is subsequently used to make aluminum.
- Food processing: Caustic soda flake is used to remove impurities from food processing equipment and to clean food containers and packaging.
- Petroleum production: Caustic soda flake is used in the petroleum industry to remove sulfur compounds from crude oil and natural gas.
- Cleaning and disinfection: Caustic soda flake is an effective cleaning and disinfecting agent that is commonly used in the food industry, hospitals, and other healthcare facilities.
- Pulp and paper production: Caustic soda flake is used to break down lignin in wood pulp, which helps to separate the fibers and produce high-quality paper.
- Textile manufacturing: Caustic soda flake is used in the textile industry to remove impurities and to prepare fibers for dyeing.
- Soap and detergent manufacturing: Caustic soda flake is a key ingredient in the production of soaps and detergents. It helps to break down fats and oils and to remove dirt and stains.
- Pharmaceuticals: Caustic soda flake is used in the pharmaceutical industry to manufacture various drugs, including aspirin and other painkillers.
Applications of Caustic Soda Flakes in the Drilling Industry
Caustic soda flakes are widely used in the drilling industry for various applications, including:
- Drilling muds: Caustic soda flakes are used to increase the pH of drilling muds, which helps to improve their effectiveness in drilling operations. They are also used to neutralize acidic contaminants in the drilling muds.
- Well stimulation: Caustic soda flakes are used in well stimulation operations to dissolve minerals and other materials that can clog the wellbore and reduce the flow of oil or gas.
- Completion fluids: Caustic soda flakes are used in the production of completion fluids, which are used to complete oil and gas wells. They help to dissolve minerals and other materials that can clog the wellbore and reduce production rates.
- Corrosion control: Caustic soda flakes are used in corrosion control programs to neutralize acidic contaminants that can corrode drilling equipment and well casings.
Petro Naft provides Caustic Soda Flakes of the best quality in a variety of types and grades and exports them from Iran, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates to other nations worldwide.
• Caustic Soda Flakes Iran
• Caustic Soda Flakes Turkey
• Caustic Soda Flakes Emirates
CAUSTIC SODA FLAKES PACKING
Caustic Soda Flake, is packing in 25 PP bags for preventing to absorb moisture then for more protection 50 PP bags of Caustic Soda Flakes put in jumbo bag.
Also we can palletize cargo with shrinking according to customer`s order so Caustic Soda Flakes offered in only Jumbo bag or putting PP bags on a pallet and shrinking.