WHAT IS PARAFFIN WAX?
Paraffin wax is a combination of solid straight-chain hydrocarbons with melting points between roughly 48° and 66° C (120° and 150° F), a colorless or white, slightly transparent, hard wax. By dewaxing light lubricating oil stocks, paraffin wax is produced from petroleum. It is used in electrical insulators, wax paper, polishes, and cosmetics. It serves as a foundation for medicinal ointments, aids in the extraction of fragrances from flowers, and provides wood with a waterproof covering. By providing a readily vaporized hydrocarbon fuel, it aids in the ignition of the matchstick in wood and paper matches.
LIST OF PRODUCTS
PARAFFIN WAX HISTORY
In 1867, paraffin wax was first produced on a commercial scale less than 10 years after the first petroleum well was dug. When petroleum is allowed to cool down, paraffin wax quickly precipitates out of it. The sole effect that the advancement of technology has had is to make the processes of separation and filtration more productive and cost-effective. Chemical treatment, decolorization by the use of adsorbents, and the fractionation of the waxes that have been separated into grades through distillation, recrystallization, or both are the procedures that are used throughout the purification process. The amount of wax that is included in crude oils may vary greatly.
PARAFFIN WAX TYPES
Petroleum, coal, or oil shale can all be used to make paraffin wax, which is a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing 20–40 carbon atoms. These waxes are categorized into categories according to the amount of oil they contain and the degree of refining they undergo. The most common kind, also called as slack wax, have an oil concentration that can vary anywhere from 5% to 30%. The next step in the refining process includes scale waxes that are known as semi refined paraffin wax. These waxes typically contain between 1% and 10% oil. A maximum of 0.5% oil is included in Fully Refined Paraffin Wax, which is the greatest level of refining.
Fully refined paraffin wax 0.5% oil content
Semi refined paraffin wax 1-1.5% oil content
Semi refined paraffin wax 1-3% oil content
Semi refined paraffin wax 3-5% oil content
Semi refined paraffin wax 5-7% oil content
Semi refined paraffin wax 7-10% oil content
Petro Naft is one of the best suppliers of paraffin wax in a variety of types and grades and exports it from Iran, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates to other nations worldwide.
- Paraffin Wax Iran
- Paraffin Wax Turkey
- Paraffin Wax Emirates
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FULLY REFINED PARAFFIN WAX AND SEMI REFINED PARAFFIN WAX
Refined white wax is another name for fully refined paraffin. It has a high melting point, a low oil content, no adhesion, no perspiration, and no greasy sensation at room temperature. Additionally, they are effective at waterproofing, moisture-proofing, and electrical insulation. It has a high level of refinement, a low amount of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, chemical stability and light, excellent thermal stability, strong toughness, good plasticity, a white color, no mechanical impurities and no water, and it has no fragrance. The following substances are soluble in fully refined paraffin: benzene, ether, chloroform, carbon disulfide, carbon tetrachloride, turpentine, petroleum, and fixed oils. The oil content of completely refined paraffin wax is the primary distinction between it and semi-refined paraffin wax. Fully refined paraffin wax has an oil concentration of less than 1%, whereas semi-refined paraffin wax has an oil percentage of less than 10%. Fully Refined Paraffin Wax and Semi-Refined Paraffin Wax vary from one another in terms of pricing. When compared to the price of semi-refined paraffin wax, the price of fully refined paraffin wax is almost always greater.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF PARAFFIN WAX
Paraffin wax is a strong, colorless or white wax that is somewhat translucent. It is made up of a mixture of solid straight-chain hydrocarbons. Although it is solid at room temperature, it begins to melt at around 37 degrees Celsius (99 degrees Fahrenheit), and its boiling point is more than 370 degrees Celsius (698 degrees Fahrenheit). Paraffin wax is often used for lubrication, rubber, electrical insulation, and candles. It is not to be confused with kerosene, which is a separate kind of petroleum product and is sometimes referred to as paraffin.
Color of Paraffin Wax:
In contrast to microcrystalline wax and petrolatum, which can vary in hue from white to almost dark brown, it is typically white. When viewed while molten, a thoroughly refined wax should be almost colorless (water-white). In wax used for pharmacological reasons or to make food wraps, the lack of color is very significant. Depending on the purpose for which they are being used, microcrystalline wax and petrolatum have different colors. Color cannot matter much in certain applications (like the production of corrosion inhibitors).
For almost colorless waxes, the Say bolt color test technique (ASTM D156) is utilized. In this process, a melted sample is put in a heated, vertical tube situated next to a second tube holding standard color disks. Both tubes can be seen at the same time using an optical viewer. The Say bolt color is the color number above this level, and it is determined by lowering the level of the sample until its color is lighter than the standard.
For wax and petrolatum that are too dark for the Say bolt colorimeter, the ASTM DI500, IP 196 test technique for the color of petroleum products is used. Using a typical light source, a liquid sample is deposited in the test container, a glass cylinder with a 30-35 min ID, and contrasted with colored glass disks with values ranging from 0-5 to 8-0.
PARAFFIN WAX SPECIFICATIONS
The specification of paraffin wax is determined by four tests:
- Max Penetration, a metric for material hardness Other physical qualities is influenced by hardness (ASTM D1321).
- Maximum Oil Content – The quantity of oil in a wax affects a number of its characteristics in addition to the degree of refining (ASTM D721).
- Melting Point: the temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to a liquid (ASTM D87).
- In the production process, the color of paraffin wax is often used to check for quality. If the color is off, it typically means the wax isn’t working properly (ASTM D156)
Tests and experiments that are performed for the detailed analysis of paraffin wax:
- Penetration, ASTM D1321
- FDA Multi-ring aromatics, FDA 121-1156
- Density, ASTM D1298
- Water Soluble Acid and Alkali
- Trace analysis
- Contamination analysis
- and additional tests
- Wax content in crude oil
- Mechanical Impurities
- Water Content
- Melting Point, ASTM D87
- Oil Content, ASTM D721
- Color, Say bolt Number ASTM D156
- Odor, ASTM D1833
- Solvent Content, (Benzene, Toluene)
PARAFFIN WAX APPLICATIONS
Paraffin wax in Candle Making
Because they burn more consistently and cleanly, paraffin wax candles were originally used to replace tallow candles. Because it is colorless and odorless, paraffin wax is ideal for making scented candles to order. Compared to other candle varieties, paraffin candles burn more brilliantly. Depending on the kind of candle being made, the melting point, and the oil content, manufacturers use various paraffin wax mixes to make candles.
Paraffin wax in Waterproofing
Paraffin wax for waterproofing, water cannot penetrate paraffin by nature. To make a range of objects waterproof, such as matches, wood, and bottles, paraffin wax coatings may be applied. Dip the match head in molten paraffin wax, remove it from the wax, then blow on it to rapidly cool and solidify the wax to create your own waterproof matches.
Paraffin wax in Crayons
Crayons’ waxy feel is mostly due to paraffin wax. To create the crayon, color pigments are added to wax before it is poured into a mold.
Paraffin wax for Reducing Friction
A number of goods are coated with paraffin wax to minimize friction since it has lubricating characteristics. In order to make their boards slide more easily, snowboarders, skateboarders, and surfers add paraffin wax on the bottom of their boards.
Paraffin Wax in Food Industry
Many candy coatings and chocolates have a lustrous appearance thanks to the use of paraffin wax. The FDA’s regulations for food contact must be met by the paraffin wax that businesses employ to cover food. In order to prolong shelf life by preserving moisture, it is also used to coat fruits and vegetables.
Personal care and beauty
In the cosmetics and personal care industries, paraffin wax has long been used. Because it rapidly absorbs into the skin and offers intense protection, paraffin wax is often included in cosmetics. It may be found in a variety of goods, including shampoo, lipstick, skincare, sunscreen, and cosmetics for the face, eyes, and nails.
Supplies containing paraffin wax are often used by construction and building businesses. Paraffin wax is present in a variety of construction materials, including PVC pipes, drywall, and gypsum board. These materials are shielded against rust, flaking, and other harm by the paraffin wax. It aids in the maintenance of porous building materials and the creation of structural integrity.
Paraffin Wax in Cosmetics
In the medical field, paraffin wax is often used. This chemical may be found in both medicines and therapeutic medicinal purposes. Inflammation, dry skin, muscular stiffness, joint discomfort, and massages are just a few of the applications for paraffin wax in medicine.
PARAFFIN WAX PRODUCTION
Candle-making, packaging, and cosmetics are just a few of the many businesses that make extensive use of paraffin wax, a form of petroleum-based wax. The following is the process used to make paraffin wax:
- Crude oil extraction: In order to produce paraffin wax, crude oil must first be drilled and pumped out of the ground.
- Refining: After crude oil has been produced, it goes through a refining process that includes distillation and separating the different parts of crude oil. The crude oil is heated throughout this process and divided into many fractions, each of which has unique characteristics and applications.
- De-waxing: includes lowering the temperature of the portion of crude oil that contains paraffin wax to below freezing. Through filtering or centrifugation, the wax hardens and is separated from the liquid oil.
- Solvent extraction: The de-waxing procedure may not always be adequate to completely remove the wax from the oil fraction. The leftover wax is dissolved in a solvent and then separated from the oil in these situations using a solvent extraction technique.
- Further refinement: The extracted wax is then further refined to get the required qualities, such melting point and color, and to get rid of any impurities.
- Packaging: After being refined, paraffin wax is packed and supplied to other sectors for incorporation into their goods.
Overall, there are multiple phases involved in the manufacture of paraffin wax, including crude oil extraction, refining, dewaxing, solvent extraction, more refining, and packaging.
PARAFFIN WAX VS OTHER WAXES
The term “paraffin wax” is used to describe a specific kind of petroleum-based wax that is used in a variety of applications, such as candle making, cosmetics manufacturing, and packaging. The following is a list of the key distinctions between paraffin wax and other forms of wax:
- Honeybees generate a wax known as beeswax, which is a natural wax. It’s honey-like aroma and purifying properties have made it a fan favorite. Since it has a greater melting point than paraffin wax and is more costly, beeswax is ideal for manufacturing candles that burn more slowly.
- To put it simply, soy wax is wax made from soybeans and soybean oil. A wax produced from soybeans is called soy wax. Because it is seen as being more environmentally friendly than paraffin wax, it is often used to make candles. Soy wax may be used to make container candles since it has a lower melting point than paraffin wax and burns cleaner.
- Palm oil is the source of palm wax, a vegetable wax. Palm oil is used to make palm wax, which is a kind of wax. It is a wax that is more brittle than soy wax and has a distinctive crystal structure, all of which contribute to the wax’s natural, textured look. It is generally agreed that palm wax is better for the environment than paraffin wax since it is a renewable resource.
- A kind of wax known as gel wax has a transparent look and resembles liquid jelly. The texture of gel wax is similar to that of jelly. The two primary materials in its production are mineral oil and a polymer resin. Candles can seem transparent by using gel wax, and the wax itself may be used to suspend ornaments.
Many different kinds of waxes exist, each with its own special advantages. Due to its availability, affordability, and convenience of use, paraffin wax is a popular option in many different industries. Beeswax, soy wax, palm wax, and gel wax all have unique properties that make them more suited to certain tasks than other types of wax.
PARAFFIN WAX PACKING
Regular packing is in carton boxes or PP (polypropylene) bags. The products are produced in 5-kg slabs. Each slab is placed in its own nylon bag, and five slabs are placed in a carton box. Carton boxes are hard enough not to get damaged because of their five hard layers.
We export the highest-quality Paraffin Wax in different types and grades from Iran, Turkey, and the UAE to other countries around the world.
- Iran Paraffin Wax
- Turkey Paraffin Wax
- UAE Paraffin Wax
For more information, please click on each product listed below.
PARAFFIN WAX Products
SEMI REFINED PARAFFIN WAX
INTRODUCTION OF SEMI REFINED PARAFFIN WAX Semi refined paraffin wax is a kind of paraffin
FULLY REFINED PARAFFIN WAX
INTRODUCTION of FULLY REFINED PARAFFIN WAX Fully refined paraffin wax is a form of wax
Frequently Asked Questions About PARAFFIN WAX
Before beginning the paraffin treatment, the skin must be thoroughly cleansed and all makeup and grime must be removed from the face. Apply the cleanser to the skin with gentle circular movements for a few minutes, and then rinse with lukewarm water for a thorough cleaning.
The skin is next subjected to steam for a few minutes so that the pores of the face skin are thoroughly expanded and prepared to absorb paraffin wax. simultaneously, it can eliminate blackheads and whiteheads from the skin with ease.
The finest requirement for utilizing any face mask is a decent massage. The massage relaxes the muscles and makes the whole facial paraffin treatment experience pleasurable and pleasurable. Using vegetable oil for the massage will make it simpler to extract the paraffin from the skin when it has dried.
Cover the face fully with a layer of lace bandage before beginning the paraffin treatment. Put a sufficient amount of special sanitary paraffin into the paraffin therapy device and allow it to melt (if you do not have a paraffin therapy device, you must first heat the sanitary paraffin in a clean container on the stove and then allow it to cool to a temperature below 50 degrees Celsius so that it does not harden and does not burn the skin). Put heated melted paraffin on the bandage with a brush and distribute it throughout the whole face (you may use a clean thermometer to determine its temperature). This mask should be kept on for about 10 minutes to dry and cool. While the paraffin is on the skin, refrain from speaking, laughing, or engaging in any activity that promotes facial movement. A few drops of fragrant oils may be added to paraffin treatment to make it more enjoyable.
Next step is the application of moisturizing cream. After using a face mask of any kind, a moisturizing cream is applied. This is ideal for those with dry and sensitive skin.
- Selecting the proper paraffin wax.
- Wash your face well before waxing.
- Trim lengthy hair
- Use baby powder to wax your face.
- Warm the wax.
Warm ready-made strip waxes by rubbing them between your palms for thirty to forty seconds. If using open wax, warm it on the stove or in the microwave. Apply a tiny bit of wax to the inside of your wrist in order to determine its temperature. The wax should be heated enough to be readily distributed, but not too hot.
- Spread the wax over the face.
Use an applicator stick or popsicle stick to apply a small coating of wax in the direction of your hair growth when reapplying wax. Next, press a piece of fabric against the wax. Massage the cloth over the wax with your fingertips. not equivalent
Remove the non-sticky portion from ready-made wax strips and apply the waxy portion in the direction of hair growth. To absorb hair, compress the strip and rub it into the skin. Ensure that the strip is massaged in the direction of hair development. pause for thirty seconds. Take the wax off your face.
- Soothe and hydrate your skin.
Inadequate usage of paraffin wax may have several adverse implications; thus, explanations will be given.
In a laboratory, paraffin wax is first evaluated for use on the skin. This material is fully natural and has a low melting point, so it will not cause burns or blisters on the skin. However, if you have sensitive skin and are allergic to chemical items, you should avoid using it since it is generated from the product. It is greasy and may cause a heat rash to develop on the skin. In addition, paraffin is contraindicated in cases of impaired blood circulation, numbness of the hands and feet, diabetes, itchiness, and open wounds.
There is a risk of bacterial infection in the body if genital waxing is not performed correctly. The danger of delicate skin rips rises following bikini waxing. In this situation, the skin is susceptible to bacterial infection. In addition, the illness may migrate from the bikini region to other sections of the body.
Additional adverse consequences of inappropriate paraffin wax usage include the following:
- Skin burns.
- Ingrown hairs.
- Scars and dry skin.
- Skin peeling.
Numerous are the therapeutic advantages of paraffin wax:
- Arthritis therapy
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Further mobility disorders of the joints
Similar to heat treatment, paraffin therapy stimulates blood circulation, relaxes muscles, and decreases joint stiffness. In addition, it treats muscular spasms or cramps as well as inflammation produced by sprains and joint flexion.
It is necessary to process paraffin wax, which is derived from petroleum compounds, in order to extract the pure paraffin wax composition from its contaminants. Because it has a lower melting point, this substance is well suited for candle making. The addition of stearic acid to the wax mixture enhanced its hardness, allowing it to be used in various industries.
In the early 20th century, the manufacture of waxy substances expanded. This significant breakthrough changed the meat and oil packing industries. To get pure paraffin wax from paraffin wax, the excess oil must be extracted. This is accomplished by the crystallization process.
When heating crude paraffin wax, it is necessary to add chemical solvents such as ketones and cool the liquid gradually. This results in the crystallization of paraffin, which improves its purity. The precipitated or crystalline component must next be removed from the solvent flow by filtering. Through distillation, the solvent may be separated and employed in subsequent regeneration procedures.
To buy paraffin wax, you can contact the company's sales experts through the communication channels of Petronaft and buy the desired paraffin wax.
China, Germany,Iran, and the United States are, respectively, the world's top suppliers of paraffin wax. In collaboration with a number of paraffin wax plants, PetroNaft Co. is one of the leading firms in this industry.
To know the price range of paraffin wax, you can click "ORDER NOW" below the product photos. We will send you the necessary information as soon as possible, or use the "ANY QUESTION?" form on the bottom right of the page.
It may be noted that stearic acid (stearin), which can be added to paraffin wax to make it stronger, is one of the useful components in connection to paraffin wax of the best quality.
The color of paraffin wax may be used to determine its quality: "the whiter and clearer the color, the greater the grade." This product is mostly used in the candle making, culinary, leather, etc. sectors. Many exports of solid paraffin wax to central Asian and African nations.
The quality of paraffin wax may be determined using a simple test. In other words, the presence of crystal grains inside the paraffin wax shows the quality of the paraffin wax. The superiority of the desired paraffin wax is proportional to how white and sweet these crystals are.
Industrial paraffin wax is distinct from sanitary and standard paraffin wax. In industrial uses, the molecular formula and carbon chain of paraffin wax are often altered. By including additives such as copolymers and microcrystals, various modifications are accomplished in order to make polyethylene. Modifying industrial paraffin wax by raising its concentration, decreasing the size of its component crystals, or modifying its functional properties.
Paraffin wax is added to the collected tissues at the pathology laboratory so that they may be sliced and sectioned. In this procedure, alcohol is used to extract the water from the tissue, which is subsequently cleaned using an organic solvent such as xylene. The tissue is then immersed in paraffin wax oil for many hours, chilled until it solidifies, and sliced using a microtome.
Other benefits of using paraffin wax:
- Making a variety of standard, decorative, and warmer candles.
- Including clothing and paper.
- As an anti-clogging, anti-moisture, and anti-dust ingredient for fertilizer.
- Histological specimen preparation agent.
- In the military, olive oil is used with wax and paraffin as a bullet lubricant.
- Production of solid fuel for hybrid rocket manufacturing.
- Crayon, one of the most used sketching instruments, is made from paraffin wax.
- Material for lubricating and waterproofing surfboards, skis, and snowboards.
- In the creation of thermal solid inks, paraffin wax is used. In this sort of ink, paraffin wax is melted and then sprayed with ink to produce pictures with a glossy finish.
- With the designation e905, it is utilized as a dietary supplement and in glazing.
- Paraffin wax is utilized in forensic investigations to identify nitrates and nitrites in suspected headshot instances.
- In rubber manufacture, paraffin wax oil is used with micro wax to avoid tire breaking.
- The use of paraffin wax to separate items from the mold.
- It is employed as the expansion source in thermostats and mechanical activators to activate the device.
- In textile manufacturers, paraffin wax is used for the Eisengarn process.
- In the fields of health and medicine, paraffin wax therapy is an efficient treatment for joint discomfort and skin renewal.
- It is used to manufacture paintball bullets.
- Some cosmetics, such as Vaseline, have a moisturizing component.
- In order to prevent rust, paraffin wax may be applied on iron and polished steel surfaces.
- In tanks, thermal energy is utilized to alter the phase of substances.
- Anti-radioactive neutron shield.
- The use of a waterproofing chemical in the fabrication of cotton clothing and commercial vessels.
Edible paraffin wax is used as a food additive in the following cases:
- It is used to produce confectionery coatings with a glossy finish. Although paraffin wax is edible, it is indigestible and has no effect on the body.
- To include some varieties of cheese, including edam cheese.
- It is used for sealing bottles, cans, and jams.
- Chewing gums include a supplement of paraffin wax.
To download the MSDS of paraffin wax, you can click the "INFORMATION REQUEST AND PRODUCT SAMPLE" button below the product photos. We will send you the necessary information as soon as possible, or use the "ANY QUESTION?" form on the bottom right of the page.
To download the TDS of paraffin wax, you can click the "INFORMATION REQUEST AND PRODUCT SAMPLE" button below the product photos. We will send you the necessary information as soon as possible, or use the "ANY QUESTION?" form on the bottom right of the page.
To download the specification PDF of paraffin wax, you can click the "INFORMATION REQUEST AND PRODUCT SAMPLE" button below the product photos. We will send you the necessary information as soon as possible, or use the "ANY QUESTION?" form on the bottom right of the page.
To know the price of paraffin wax in China, you can click "ORDER NOW" below the product photos. We will send you the necessary information as soon as possible, or use the "ANY QUESTION?" form on the bottom right of the page.
To know the price of paraffin wax in Iran, you can click "ORDER NOW" below the product photos. We will send you the necessary information as soon as possible, or use the "ANY QUESTION?" form on the bottom right of the page.
To know the price of paraffin wax in the UAE, you can click "ORDER NOW" below the product photos. We will send you the necessary information as soon as possible, or use the "ANY QUESTION?" form on the bottom right of the page.
You may explain what is synthetic paraffin wax?
Thank you for your question
As one of the byproducts of the Fischer-Tropsch process, which transforms coal gas into hydrocarbons, synthetic paraffin wax was made available for purchase after World War II. The synthetic wax, which is snow white and tougher than petroleum paraffin wax, has a distinct personality and high purity, making it an excellent substitute for various vegetable waxes as well as a modifier for petroleum waxes and some polymers, including polyethylene. Using aqueous solutions of inorganic or organic alkalis, such as borax, sodium hydroxide, triethanolamine, and morpholine, synthetic paraffin waxes can be oxidized to produce pale-yellow, hard waxes with a high molecular weight. These wax dispersions are used as heavy-duty floor wax, waterproofing for paper and textiles, tanning agents for leather, rust-prevention lubricants, metal-drawing lubricants, and treatments for masonry and concrete.
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